Rabu, Maret 17, 2010

Charter Terms Glossary

AA
Always Afloat

AAAA
Always Accessible Always Afloat

AAOSA
Always Afloat or Safe Aground. Condition for a vessel whilst in port

AARA

Amsterdam-Antwerp-Rotterdam Area

ABAFT
Toward the rear (stern) of the ship. Behind.

ABOARD

On or within the ship

ABOVE DECK
On the deck (not over it - see ALOFT)

ABT
About

ADCOM
Address Commission

ADDENDUM
Additional chartering terms at the end of a charter party

AFSPS
Arrival First Sea Pilot Station (Norway)

AFFREIGHTMENT
The hiring of a ship in whole or part

AFT
At or towards the stern or rear of a ship

AGROUND
Touching or fast to the bottom

AGW
All Going Well

AHL
Australian Hold Ladders

AIDS TO NAVIGATION
Artificial objects to supplement natural landmarks indicating safe and unsafe waters

ALOFT
Above the deck of the ship

AMIDSHIPS
In or toward the centre of the ship

ANCHORAGE
A place suitable for anchorage in relation to the wind, seas and bottom

ANTHAM
Antwerp-Hamburg Range

APS
Arrival Pilot Station

ARAG
Amsterdam-Rotterdam--Antwerp-Gent Range

ARBITRATION
Method of settling disputes which is usually binding on parties. A clause usually in a charter party

A/S
Alongside

ASBA
American Shipbrokers Association

ASPW
Any Safe Port in the World

ASTERN
In the back of the ship, opposite of ahead

ATDNSHINC
Any Time Day/Night Sundays and Holidays Included

ATHWARTSHIPS
At right angles to the centreline of the ship

ATUTC
Actual Times Used to Count

BACKLETTER
Where a seller/shipper issues a 'letter of indemnity' in favour of the carrier in exchange for a clean bill of lading

BAF
Bunker Adjustment Factor. A Fuel Surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight amount, reflecting the movement in the market place price for bunkers.

BALLAST
Heavy weight, often sea water, necessary for the stability and safety of a ship which is not carrying cargo

BALLAST BONUS
Compensation for relatively long ballast voyage

BAREBOAT CHTR.
Bareboat Charter - Owners lease a specific ship and control its technical management and commercial operations only. Charterers take over all responsibility for the operation of the vessel and expenses for the duration.

BBB
Before Breaking Bulk. Refers to freight payments that must be received before discharge of a vessel commences

BDI
Both Dates Inclusive

BEAM
The maximum breadth or the greatest width of a ship

BELOW
Beneath the deck

BENDS
Both Ends (Load & Discharge Ports)

BI
Both Inclusive

BIMCO
The Baltic and International Maritime Council

BL1
Bale

BL2
(Bill of Lading) A document signed by the carrier which acts as a Contract of Affreightment, a receipt and evidence of title to the cargo.

BM
Beam

BN
Booking Note

BOB
Bunker on Board

BOFFER
Best Offer

BOW
The forward part of a ship

BROB
Bunkers Remaining on Board

BROKERAGE
Percentage of freight payable to broker (by owners in c/p's) or applicable to sale or purchase

BSS
Basis

BSS 1/1
Basis 1 Port to 1 Port

BT
Berth Terms

BULKHEAD
A vertical partition separating compartments

BUNDLING
This is the assembly of pieces of cargo, secured into one manageable unit. This is relevant to items such as Structural Steel, Handrails, Stairways etc. Whilst this is a very flexible description, a rule of thumb is to present cargo at a size easily handled by a large (20 tonne) fork lift.

BUOY
An anchored float used for marking a position on the water or a hazard or a shoal and for mooring

BWAD
Brackish Water Arrival Draft

CAF
Currency Adjustment Factor

CBM
Cubic Metres

CBFT (or CFT)
Cubic Feet

CFR (or C&F)
Cost and Freight

CHART
A map used by navigators

CHOPT
Charterers Option


CHTRS

Charterers

CIF
Cost, Insurance & Freight. Seller pays all these costs to a nominated port or place of discharge.

CKD
Completely knocked down

COA
Contract of Affreightment - Owners agree to accept a cost per revenue tonne for cargo carried on a specific number of voyages.

CIP
Carriage and Insurance paid to...

COACP
Contract of Affreightment Charter Party

COB
Closing of Business

COBLDN
Closing of Business London

COD
Cash On Delivery

COGSA
Carriage of Goods by Sea Act

CONGESTION
Port/berth delays

CONS
Consumption

C/SNEE
CONSIGNEE. Name of agent, company or person receiving consignment

COP
Custom Of Port

CP (or C/P)
Charter Party

CPD
Charterers Pay Dues

CPT
Carriage Paid To

CQD
Customary Quick Despatch

CR
Current Rate

CROB
Cargo Remaining on Board

CRN
Crane

CRT
Cargo Retention Clauses, introduced by charterers based on shortage of delivered cargo because of increased oil prices

CST
Centistoke

CTR
Container Fitted

DA
Disbursement Account

DAF
Deliver At Frontier

DAPS
Days all Purposes (Total days for loading & discharging)

DAMFORDET
Damages for Detention. Penalty if cargo is not ready when ship arrives for working (1st day of Laycan). This is not detention which is charged for ships time on delay. If the cargo is ready there is no DAMFORDET.

DDU
Delivered Duty unpaid.

DDP
Delivered Duty Paid.

DECK
A permanent covering over a compartment, hull or any part thereof

DEM
Demurrage (Quay Rent). Money paid by the shipper for the occupying port space beyond a specified "Free Time" period.

DEQ
Delivered Ex Quay

DES
Delivered Ex Ship

DESP
Despatch. Time saved, reward for quick turnaround- in dry cargo only

DET
Detention (See DAMFORDET)

DEV
Deviation. Vessel departure from specified voyage course

DFRT
Deadfreight. Space booked by shipper or charterer on a vessel but not used

DHDATSBE
Despatch Half Demurrage on All Time Saved Both Ends

DHDWTSBE
Despatch Half Demurrage on Working Time Saved Both Ends

DISCH
Discharge

DK
Deck

DLOSP
Dropping Last Outwards Sea Pilot (Norway)


DO
Diesel Oil


DOLSP
Dropping Off Last Sea Pilot (Norway)

DOP
Dropping Outward Pilot

DOT
Department of Transport

DNRCAOSLONL
Discountless and Non-Returnable Cargo and/or Ship Lost or Not Lost

DRAUGHT (or DRAFT)
Depth to which a ship is immersed in water. The depth varies according to the design of the ship and will be greater or lesser depending not only on the weight of the ship and everything on board, but also on the density of the water in which the ship is lying.

DRK
Derrick

DUNNAGE
Materials of various types, often timber or matting, placed among the cargo for separation, and hence protection from damage, for ventilation and, in the case of certain cargoes, to provide space in which the tynes of a fork lift truck may be inserted.

DWAT (or DWT)
Deadweight. Weight of cargo, stores and water, i.e. the difference between lightship and loaded displacement.

EBB
A receeding current

EC
East Coast

EIU
Even If Used

ELVENT
Electric Ventilation

ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival

ETC
Estimated Time of Completion

ETD
Estimated Time of Departure

ETS
Estimated Time of Sailing

EXW
Ex Works

FAC
Fast as can

FAS
Free Alongside Ship. Seller delivers goods to appropriate dock or terminal at port of embarkation and buyer covers costs and risks of loading

FCA
Free to Carrier. A modern equivalent of FAS used in intermodal transport where goods are transferred at a nominated forwarders premises, depot or terminal but not actually on board vessel.

FD (FDIS)
Free Discharge

FDD
Freight Demurrage Deadfreight

FDESP
Free Despatch

FDEDANRSAOCLONL
Freight Deemed Earned, Discountless And Non-Returnable (Refundable) Ship And Or Cargo Lost Or Not Lost

FENDER
A cushion, placed between ships, or between a ship and a pier, to prevent damage

FEU
Standard 40’ Container

FHEX
Fridays/Holidays Excluded

FHINC
Fridays/Holidays Included

FILO
Free In/Liner Out. Seafreight with which the shipper pays load costs and the carrier pays for discharge costs.

FIO
Free In/Out. Freight booked FIO includes the seafreight, but no loading/discharging costs, i.e. the charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo.

FIOS
Free In/Out Stowed. As per FIO, but excludes stowage costs.

FIOST
Free In/Out and Trimmed. Charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo, including stowage and trimming.

FIOT
Free In/Out and Trimmed. As per FIOS but includes trimming, e.g. the levelling of bulk cargoes. FIOS includes seafreight, but excludes loading/discharging and stowage costs.

FIT
Free In Trimmed

FIW
Free In Wagon

FIXING
Chartering a Vessel

FIXTURE
Conclusion of shipbrokers negotiations to charter a ship - an agreement

FLATPACKING
Cargo to be presented stacked and secured as an integral unit

FLT
Full Liner Terms

FMC
Federal Maritime Commission

FME
Force Majeure Excepted

FMS
Fathoms

FO1
For Orders

FO2
(IFO) Fuel Oil/Intermediate FO

FO3
Free Out

FOB
Free on Board. Seller sees the goods "over the ship’s rail" on to the ship which is arranged and paid for by the buyer

FOFFER
Firm Offer

FOG
For Our Guidance

FOQ
Free On Quay

FOR
Free On Rail

FORCE MAJEURE
Clause limiting responsibilities of the charterers, shippers and receivers of cargo.

FORE-AND-AFT
In a line parallel to the keel

FORWARD
Toward the bow of the ship

FOT
Free On Truck

FOW1
First Open Water

FOW2
Free On Wharf

FP
Free Pratique. Clearance by the Health Authorities

FR
First Refusal. First attempt at best offer that can be matched

FREEBOARD
The minimum vertical distance from the surface of the water to the gunwale

FRT
Freight. Money payable on delivery of cargo in a mercantile condition

FREE DESPATCH
If loading/discharging achieved sooner than agreed, there will be no freight money returned.

FREE EXINS
Free of any Extra Insurance (Owners)

FREE OUT
Free of discharge costs to owners. Includes seafreight only

FRUSTRATION
Charterers when cancelling agreement sometimes quote 'doctrine of frustration' i.e. vessel is lost, extensive delays.

FWAD
Fresh Water Arrival Draft

FWDD
Fresh Water Departure Draft

FYG
For Your Guidance

FYI
For Your Information

GA
General Average

GEAR
A general term for ropes, blocks, tackle and other equipment

GLS (GLESS)
Gearless

GNCN
Gencon (GENERAL CONDITIONS)

GN (or GR)
Grain (Capacity)

GO
Gas Oil

GP
Grain Capacity. Cubic capacity in 'grain'

GR
Geographical Rotation. Ports in order of calling

GRD
Geared

GRT
Gross Registered Tonnage

GSB
Good, Safe Berth

GSP
Good, Safe Port

GTEE
Guarantee

GUNWALE
The upper edge of a ship's sides

2H
Second Half

HA
Hatch

HAGUE RULES
Code of minimum conditions for the carriage of cargo under a Bill of Lading

HATCH
An opening in a ship's deck fitted with a watertight cover

HBF
Harmless Bulk Fertilizer

HDLTSBENDS
Half Despatch Lay Time Saved Both Ends

HDWTS
Half Despatch Working (or Weather) Time Saved

HHDW
Handy Heavy d.w. (Scrap)

HIRE
T/C Remuneration

HMS
Heavy Metal Scraps

HO
Hold

HOLD
A compartment below deck in a large vessel, used solely for carrying cargo

HULL
The main body of a ship

HW
High Water

ICW
Intercoastal Waterway : bays, rivers, and canals along the coasts (such as the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts), connected so that vessels may travel without going into the sea

IMDG
International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code

IMO
International Maritime Organisation

IN &/OR OVER
Goods carried below and/or on deck

IND
Indication

INTERMODAL
Carriage of a commodity by different modes of transport, i.e. sea, road, rail and air within a single journey

INCOTERMS
(Refer to comments in covering statement on front page A-F)

ITF
International Transport Workers Federation (Trade Unions). Complies on crewing

ITINERARY
Route.Schedule

IU
If Used

IUHTAUTC
If Used, Half Time Actually To Count

IWL
Institute Warranty Limits

KEEL
The centreline of a ship running fore and aft; the backbone of a vessel

KNOT
A measurement of speed equal to one nautical mile (6,076 feet) per hour

LANE METER
A method of measuring the space capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby each unit of space (Linear Meter) is represented by an area of deck 1.0 meter in length x 2.0 meters in width

LASH
To hold goods in position by use of Ropes, Wires, Chains or Straps etc.

LAT
Latitude. The distance north or south of the equator measured and expressed in degrees.

LAYCAN
Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)

LAYTIME
Time at Charterers disposal for purpose of loading/discharging

L/C
Letter of Credit

LCR
Lowest Current Rate

LEE
The side sheltered from the wind

LEEWARD
The direction away from the wind. Opposite of windward

LEEWAY
The sideways movement of the ship caused by either wind or current

LF
Load Factor. Percentage of cargo or passengers carries e.g. 4,000 tons carried on a vessel of 10,000 capacity has a load factor of 40%

LIEN
Retention of property until outstanding debt is paid

LNG
Liquefied Natural Gas

LOA
Length Overall of the vessel

LOAD LINE
SEE PLIMSOLL LINE

LOF
Lloyds Open Form

LOG
A record of courses or operation. Also, a device to measure speed

LOI
Letter of Indemnity

LONGITUDE
The distance in degrees east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England

LOW
Last Open Water

LS (or LUMPS)
Lumpsum Freight. Money paid to Shipper for a charter of a ship (or portion) up to stated limit irrespective of quantity of cargo

LSD
Lashed Secured Dunnaged

LT1
Liner Terms

LT2
Long Ton = 1,016.05 kilogram (2,240 lbs)

LTHH
Liner Terms Hook/Hook

LW
Low Water

LYCN
Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)

MANIFEST
Inventory of cargo on board

MB
Merchant Broker

MDO (DO)
Marine Diesel Oil

MIDSHIP
Approximately in the location equally distant from the bow and stern

MIN/MAX
Minimum/Maximum (cargo quantity)

MOA
Memorandum of Agreement

MOLCHOPT
More or Less Charterers Option

MOLOO
More or Less Owners Option

MOORING
An arrangement for securing a ship to a mooring buoy or pier

MT
Mertic Tonne (i.e. 1,000 kilos)

M/V
Motor Vessel / Merchant Vessel

NAABSA
Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground

NM
Nautical Mile. One minute of latitude; approximately 6,076 feet - about 1/8 longer than the statute mile of 5,280 feet

NAVIGATION
The art and science of conducting a ship safely from one point to another

NCB
National Cargo Bureau

NESTING
Implies that cargo is presented stacked in the contour of similarly shaped cargo, it may be likened to a stack of plates. This is particularly relevant in the presentation of tankage strakes for transport

NON-REVERSIBLE
(Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected, then saved days will not be added to discharge time allowed.

NOR
Notice of Readiness

NRT
Net Restricted Tonnage

NYPE
New York Produce Exchange

OO
Owners Option

OBO
Ore/Bulk/Oil Vessel

OSH
Open Shelter Deck

OVERBOARD
Over the side or out of the ship

OWS
Owners

P&I
Protection and Indemnity Insurance

PASTUS
Past Us

PC
Period of Charter

PCGO
Part Cargo

PCT
Percent

PDPR
Per Day Pro Rata

PERDIEM
By the Day

PER SE
By Itself

PHPD
Per Hatch Per Day

PLIMSOLL MARK
PLIMSOLL LINE
LOAD LINE
An internationally recognised line painted on the side of merchant ships. When a ship is loaded, the water level is not supposed to go above the line. Water can reach different parts of the line as its temperature and saltiness varies with the season and location. From where Plimsoll Shipping derived its name.

PORT
The left side of a ship looking forward. A harbour.

PRATIQUE
Licence or permission to use a port

PREAMBLE
Introduction to a charter party

PROFORMA
Estimated Account

PUS
Plus Us

PWWD
Per Weather Working Day

RCVR
Receiver

RECAP
Recapitulation of the terms and conditions agreed

REVERSIBLE
(Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected at load port, then days saved can be added to discharge operations.

ROB
Remaining On Board

RT
Revenue Tonne (i.e. 1.0 metric tonne or 1.0 cubic meter, whichever greater). The overall RT is calculated on a line by line basis of the Packing List using the largest amount. The overall freight liability is calculated on the total RT amount, multiplied by the freight rate

SATPM
Saturday P.M.

SB
Safe Berth

SD (or SID)
Single Decker

SEAFREIGHT
Costs charged for transporting goods over the sea. This does not cover haulage or loading/discharging costs but the sea transport only

SEAWORTHINESS
Statement of condition of the vessel (valid certificates, fully equipped and manned etc.)

SELFD
Self Discharging

SEMI-TRAILERS
Are usually 12.0 meter flat bed road trailers

SF
Stowage Factor. Cubic space (measurement tonne) occupied by one tonne (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of cargo

SHINC
Sundays/Holidays Included

SHEX
Sundays/Holidays Excluded

SKIDS
Are bearers (timber or steel) positioned under the cargo to enable forklift handling at port, and for ease of rigging and lashing on board ship.

SN
Satellite Navigation - A form of position finding using radio transmissions from satellites with sophisticated on-board automatic equipment

SOC
Shipper Owned Container

SOF
Statement of Facts

SP
Safe Port

SPIDERING
Is the strengthening of circular tanks for transport, this prevents the tanks from becoming warped. The tanks are strengthened with steel or wood crossbeams giving a "spider" appearance

SRBL
Signing and Releasing Bill of Lading

SSHEX
Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded

SSHINC (or SATSHINC)
Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included

STABILITY
It is paramount that a vessel is stable in all aspects at all times. When cargo is loaded/discharged, the stability is monitored by a computer, which takes into account the weight and position of cargo within the vessel

STARBOARD
Right side of a ship when facing the front or forward end

STEM
Subject to Enough Merchandise (Availability of cargo). Also, the forward most part of the bow

STERN
The aformost or after part of a ship

SUB
Subject (to). Depending upon as a condition

SUPERCARGO
Person employed by a ship owner, shipping company, charterer of a ship or shipper of goods to supervise cargo handling operations. Often called a port captain.

SWAD
Salt Water Arrival Draft

SWDD
Salt Water Departure Draft

THWARTSHIPS
At right angles to the centreline of the ship

TIDE
The periodic rise and fall of water level in the oceans

TIME BAR
Time after which legal claims will not be entered

TBN
To Be Named / To Be Nominated

TC
Time Charter - Owners agree to hire a particular ship for a set length of time and provide technical management, crewing etc.

TCP
Time Charter Party

TEU
Standard 20' Container

TOPSIDES
The sides of a ship between the waterline and the deck; sometimes referring to onto or above the deck

TRIM
Fore and aft balance of a ship

TTL
Total

TW
Tween Decker

USC
Unless Sooner Commenced

UU
Unless Used

UUIWCTAUTC
Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count

VPD
Vessel Pays Dues

WATERLINE
A line painted on a hull which shows the point to which a ship sinks when it is properly trimmed

WAY
Movement of a ship through water such as headway, sternway or leeway

WCCON
Whether Customs Cleared Or Not

WIBON
Whether In Berth Or Not

WIFPON
Whether In Free Pratique Or Not

WINDWARD
Toward the direction from which the wind is coming

WIPON
Whether In Port Or Not

WLTOHC
Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming

WOG
Without Guarantee

WP
Weather Permitting. That time during which weather prevents working shall not count as laytime

WPD
Weather Permitting Day

WWD
Weather Working Day

WRIC
Wire Rods In Collis

WWR
When, Where Ready

WWWW
Wibon, Wccon, Wifpon, Wipon

YAR
York Antwerp Rules

YAW
To swing or steer off course, as when running with a quartering sea

Z
UTC = GMT

Minggu, Maret 07, 2010

LETTER OF CREDIT

Dalam perdagangan, metode menggunakan sarana letter of credit (L/C) dan Surat Kredit berdokumen Dalam Negeri (SKBDN) sering menjadi pilihan penjual dan pembeli. Mengapa? Tak lain karena adanya unsur jaminan pembayaran dari bank penerbit L/C atau SKBDN itu. Umumnya L/C atau SKBDN digunakan untuk membiayai sales contract antara penjual dan pembeli yang belum saling mengenal dengan baik.

Dengan L/C atau SKBDN, penjual merasa aman dengan adanya janji pembayaran dari bank penerbit L/C atau SKBDN (issuing bank) itu sepanjang penjual dapat menyerahkan dokumen yang sesuai dengan syarat L/C atau SKBDN (complying presentation).

Di lain pihak, pembeli juga begitu. Ia sebagai pihak pemohon L/C atau SKBDN juga merasa aman dengan adanya syarat penyerahan dokumen yang telah ditentukan dalam L/C atau SKBDN, karena banknya tidak akan melakukan pembayaran sebelum dokumen diterima olehnya.

L/C dan SKBDN sendiri diterbitkan oleh bank sebagai pelaksanaan klausul-klausul dalam sales contract yang telah disepakati penjual dan pembeli, yang pada dasarnya terdiri dari 4 faktor utama, yaitu: syarat barang (terms of goods), syarat penyerahan barang (terms of delivery), syarat pembayaran (terms of payment), dan dokumentasi.

Sesuai sifatnya, L/C atau SKBDN merupakan komitmen dari issuing bank yang TERPISAH dari sales contract. L/C atau SKBDN merupakan salah satu alternatif cara pembayaran dalam transaksi perdagangan yang paling ideal karena risiko penjual dan pembeli dapat dialihkan pada bank.


Pada prinsipnya, L/C dan SKBDN itu sama. Uraian di atas adalah jawaban dari apa persamaan L/C dan SKBDN itu. Sedangkan perbedaan antara keduanya, pertama, lokasi penjual dan pembeli. L/C digunakan untuk transaksi perdagangan yang melibatkan penjual dan pembeli yang berada di negara yang berbeda. Sedangkan untuk SKBDN, mereka berada di wilayah domestik Indonesia.

Kedua, lalu lintas komoditas yang diperdagangkan. Jika barang yang diperdagangkan melewati batas kepabeanan negara lain, maka digunakanlah L/C. Jadi misalnya penjual dan pembeli sama-sama berlokasi di Indonesia, namun barangnya didatangkan dari Jepang, maka yang digunakan adalah L/C, bukan SKBDN. SKBDN digunakan jika barangnya asli dari Indonesia, atau dari luar negeri namun sudah masuk ke kepabeanan Indonesia.

Ketiga, acuan formal. Pelaksanaan L/C pada umumnya mengacu pada kebiasaan praktik perdagangan yang telah dibakukan oleh International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), yaitu Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credit (UCPDC).

Pertama kali dipublikasikan pada 1933, UCPDC telah mengalami beberapa kali revisi sesuai perkembangan dan dinamika perdagangan internasional, yaitu tahun 1951, 1962, 1974, 1983 (dikenal dengan UCP 400), 1993 (UCP 500), dan pada 2006 dilakukan revisi keenam dengan terbitnya publikasi ICC No. 600 yang berlaku efektif tanggal 1 Juli 2007, yang dikenal dengan UCP 600 dan banyak digunakan sebagai acuan sekarang.

Sedangkan pelaksanaan SKBDN mengacu pada Peraturan Bank Indonesia (PBI) No. 5/6/PBI/2003 tanggal 2 Mei 2003 tentang Surat Kredit Berdokumen Dalam Negeri (SKBDN). Bagaimanapun, klausul dan teknis yang diatur dalam PBI di atas banyak mengad
opsi klausul-klausul dalam UCPDC.

Lalu bagaimana dengan mekanisme L/C dan SKBDN itu sendiri? Berikut ini gambar alur dan prosedur pelaksanaan L/C dan SKBDN, mulai dari penerbitan hingga pembayaran.


Penjelasan mekanisme:

  1. Penjual dan pembeli membuat sales contract. Salah satu syarat yang disepakati adalah pembayaran dilaksanakan dengan L/C atau SKBDN.
  2. Atas dasar syarat pembayaran yang telah disepakati di dalam kontrak, maka pihak pembeli mengajukan permohonan penerbitan L/C atau SKBDN kepada Bank.
  3. Issuing bank selanjutnya menerbitkan L/C atau SKBDN atas dasar permintaan pembeli sebagai Applicant untuk keuntungan penjual sebagai Beneficiary yang disampaikan melalui bank penerus (advising bank) di tempat penjual.
  4. Advising bank menyampaikan asli L/C atau SKBDN kepada penjual (beneficiary) setelah dilakukan verifikasi atau autentikasi terhadap L/C atau SKBDN itu.
  5. Setelah menerima L/C atau SKBDN dari advising bank, beneficiary melakukan pengiriman barang sesuai dengan syarat penyerahan barang (terms of delivery) yang disepakati di dalam sales contract, serta menyiapkan dokumen yang diminta oleh L/C atau SKBDN.
  6. Beneficiary menyerahkan satu set dokumen yang disyaratkan L/C atau SKBDN kepada bank yang ditunjuk atau diberi kuasa (nominated bank) oleh issuing bank yang disebutkan dalam L/C atau SKBDN.
  7. Berdasarkan penyerahan dokumen dari beneficiary, nominated bank selanjutnya melakukan pemeriksaan kesesuaian dokumen dengan syarat dan kondisi L/C atau SKBDN dan ketentuan yang berlaku. Jika dokumen telah memenuhi syarat complying presentation, maka nominated bank dapat memutuskan bertindak sebagai negotiating bank dengan melakukan pembayaran terlebih dahulu sepanjang L/C atau SKBDN mensyaratkan “by negotiation”.
  8. Nominated bank meneruskan dokumen kepada issuing bank, terlepas apakah nominated bank telah membayar terlebih dahulu atau belum. Penerusan dokumen ke bank penerbit ini dalam rangka melakukan penagihan akseptasi, pembayaran, atau pembayaran kembali (reimbursement) dalam hal dokumen telah dinegosiasi.
  9. Setelah menerima penerusan dokumen dari nominated bank, issuing bank melakukan pemeriksaan dokumen tersebut apakah memenuhi syarat complying presentation atau tidak. Jika dokumen dinyatakan clean, maka issuing bank wajib melakukan akseptasi, pembayaran, atau reimbursement kepada nominated/ negotiating bank. Namun jika terjadi penyimpangan pada dokumen terhadap syarat dan kondisi L/C atau SKBDN (discrepancy), maka issuing bank tidak wajib melakukan akseptasi, pembayaran, atau reimbursement. Yang dilakukan issuing bank adalah menghubungi Applicant sehubungan dengan kondisi dokumen yang discrepant tersebut, dan meminta penegasan Applicant apakah menerima adanya discrepancy tersebut atau menolak kondisi penyimpangan dokumen.
  10. Issuing bank menyerahkan dokumen original kepada Applicant setelah ia menyelesaikan kewajiban dana pembayarannya. Selanjutnya, Applicant melakukan pengeluaran barang dari maskapai pelayaran dengan memenuhi kewajiban kepabeanan (import clearance).






Sabtu, Maret 06, 2010

Shipping Terms Glossary

ARA - Antwerp/Rotterdam/Amsterdam. Major coal importing ports in northwest Europe.

Ballast - (a) the material (usually water in ballast tanks) used to stabilise a vessel when partially loaded or empty, (b) In Ballast - term to describe vessel sailing empty to next loading port.

BENDS - Abbreviation for 'both ends'. Used when any loading and discharging term for a vessel is the same for both loading and discharging operations.

BFI - Baltic Freight Index - an index reflecting a composite number of routes, issued on a daily basis.

BIFFEX - Baltic International Freight Futures Exchange -exchange on which freight future contracts are traded and the BFI is published.

Bill of Lading (B/L) - Document serving three functions: (1) receipt for cargo prepared by the shipper and signed by the carrier; (2) 'document of title' to the cargo i.e. proof of ownership; and (3) provides evidence of terms and conditions of the contract of carriage of cargo by sea.

Brokerage - the remuneration for brokers' time and effort in negotiating the Charter Party (qv); expressed as a % of freight or hire payment received by shipowner.

Bunkers - term for fuel used by a vessel.

Bunker Clause - Time Charters stipulate that charterer accepts & pays for all fuel on the vessel at port of delivery; on redelivery owner shall pay for any fuel remaining on board.

Bunker Escalation / De-escalation Clause - in a COA it is sometimes usual to link freight rate to market price of bunkers at time of fixing, in order to adjust freight rate in line with bunker price movements at time of each shipment.

C & F / CFR - Cost and Freight - method of selling cargo where seller pays for loading costs and ocean freight.

Capesize - a ship of about 80,000 DWT. (A vessel which is too large to transit the Panama Canal and thus has to sail via Cape of Good Hope from Pacific to Atlantic and vice versa.)

Charter Party - document containing details of the fixture of the chartered vessel. Standard form charter parties for various trades are normally used, but some charterers use private forms.

CIF - Cost, Insurance and Freight - method of selling cargo where seller pays for loading costs, ocean freight and insurance.

COA - Contract of Affreightment - a Charter Party covering more than one voyage.

Deadfreight - freight payable on cargo space booked but not actually used.

Demurrage - financial compensation paid by charterer to the vessel for delays after the laytime has expired at the load/discharge port.

Despatch - financial reward paid by the owner to the charterer if the load / discharge operations are completed in advance of expiry of laytime. Usually paid at half the demurrage rate.

Draught - vertical distance between the waterline and the keel. Figures quoted refer to a fully-laden vessel.

Draught Survey - survey undertaken at the load/ discharge port to determine by means of draught measurement how much cargo is on board.

DWT - Deadweight Tonnes - deadweight capacity of vessel comprising cargo, bunker fuel, fresh water, stores etc.

DWCC - Deadweight Cargo Capacity - the portion of the deadweight available for the carriage of the cargo.

ETA - Estimated Time of Arrival (of vessel).

ETD - Estimated Time of Departure (of vessel).

ETR - Estimated Time of Readiness.

FIO - Free In and Out - confers the responsibility to the charterers (shippers / receivers) to arrange the stevedores and to load / discharge the cargo on their own account ie free of expense to vessel owners, who are still accountable for port charges.

FIOST - Free In and Out Stowed and Trimmed - as for FIO, but also including stowing and trimming free of expense to vessel owner.

FOB - Free On Board - method of selling cargo excluding ocean freight and insurance, but including loading costs.

FOBT - Free On Board Trimmed - as for FOB, but including trimming of cargo after loading.

Force Majeure - circumstances beyond reasonable control of the party/parties.

Free Pratique - clean bill of health for ship and crew.

Freight - the money paid on a Voyage Charter by the charterer to the owner.

Gearless - a ship without means on board for the loading/unloading of cargo.

Handymax - inexact term, but normally taken to mean a vessel of about 40-60,000 DWT.

Handysize - inexact term, but normally taken to mean a vessel of about 10-40,000 DWT.

Hire - money paid on a Time Charter by the charterer to the owner.

Laycan - Laydays & Cancelling Date - the earliest and latest dates on which the vessel must be ready to load at the port or be delivered to the time charterer.

Laydays - specific time period (days) during which the vessel must arrive at the loading port ready for loading.

Laytime - time allowed for the vessel's cargo to be loaded/discharged without incurring demurrage.

LOA - Length Overall - total length of vessel aft to fore.

Mate's Receipt - document signed by Chief Officer acknowledging receipt of cargo on board a vessel.

MOLOO - More Or Less in Owner's Option (tonnage caveat).

NOR - Notice of Readiness - notice given by ship that it is ready to load/discharge its cargo.

OBO - Ore/Bulk/Oil Multi-purpose Carrier.
Outreach - total distance that a port's loading/ discharging equipment can reach out over a vessel.

Panamax - vessel of about 60-80,000 DWT. (Technically the maximum size vessel that can transit the Panama Canal - restriction of 32.2 M beam.)

Port Costs / Disbursements - charges normally paid by shipowner to the port authorities for use of port facilities.

SATSHEX - Saturdays, Sundays & Holidays Excluded.

SB - Safe Berth - a berth, which the vessel can reach and depart from without being exposed to danger that is unavoidable by good seamanship. It is the responsibility of the charterrer to provide this.

SF - Stowage Factor - used to determine whether a vessel's holds will be filled before the vessel reaches its maximum draught. The SF for coal, depending on type, is between 37 and 48 cubic feet per long ton.

SHINC - Sundays & Holidays Included.

SHEX - Sundays & Holidays Excluded.

SP - Safe Port - as Safe Berth except relates to port.

Spot - term for suitably sized vessel readily available for short-term charter, usually in vicinity of charterer's requirement.

Stevedore - company engaged in providing loading/ discharging services for vessels.

SWAD - Salt Water Arrival Draft.

Time Charter - fixture whereby charterer hires vessel for a specified period; payment made on a daily basis and includes fuel used, port costs etc.

Trimmed - when vessel is stabilised by (a) levelling off cargo within each hold, and (b) stowing cargo throughout ship so that fore and aft drafts are practically the same.

Trip Time Charter - fixture whereby charterer hires vessel for single voyage or round trip; terms and conditions similar to Time Charter.

Turn Time (TT) - time allowed in the charter party, after NOR tendered and before laytime commences. Usually quoted in hours.

Voyage Charter - fixture whereby the charterer pays a rate per ton loaded or on a lump sum basis.

WWD - Weather Working Days - working days in which it is possible to load/discharge cargo without the interference of weather.

Vacancy PFSO ( Port Facility Security Officer ) PT. Asia Pasific Resources International Holding Limited

APRIL (Asia Pacific Resources International Holdings Limited) is one of the leading players in the global fiber, pulp and paper industry. Headquartered in Singapore, APRIL has principal fiber plantations and manufacturing operations in Indonesia.

APRIL develops over 50,000 ha of sustainable acacia fiber plantations each year integrating environmental conservation and social responsibility with economic objectives under a mosaic plantations landscape concept. It owns and operates one of the world’s largest pulp and paper mill complexes. The industrial site in Pangkalan Kerinci in Riau, Sumatera includes modern pulp and paper mills, an integrated chemical plant, and a power plant that generates all the energy for the complex and nearby town.

The pulp mill, with one of the biggest single production lines in the world, has a design capacity of more than 2.3 million tonnes per year. The paper mill has one of the world’s fastest fine paper machines, running maximum speeds of over 1,500 meters per minute.

The capacity of paper mill is more than 750,000 tonnes per year. PaperOne™ is APRIL’s flagship brand and available in at least 56 countries worldwide. It is made of ECF pulp produced from 100% plantation fiber.

For further information on APRIL, please refer to:
http://www.aprilasia.com

Port Facility Security Officer (PFSO)

Qualifications:
  • Minimum Deck Officer Class III
  • Good command in English
  • Understands about Port Security & Safety Facilities
  • Minimum 2 (two) years of working as PFSO
  • Must have PFSO certificate

For anybody who is qualified and interested, please submit your complete resume to: recruitment_riau@aprilasia.com

Jumat, Maret 05, 2010

Vacancy Port Captain PT. Tirta Samudera Caraka

Wilhelmsen Ships Service is a global, leading Maritime Service company with focus in four main business streams: Technical Services, Marine Products, Logistics and Ships Agency. We are seeking qualified candidates to take up the following vacancy in our Jakarta office in Forwarding division:

Port Captain

The job/Main Responsibilities:
  • Performing cargo supervisions in Indonesian Port / AnchoragePerforming ships agency services / general co-ordination with Jakarta head Office.
  • Execute day to day agency operations while attending vessels operations as per guidelines and quality service policy.
  • Support Operation Manager to ensure vessels quick turn around and maintain vessels port operations in a safe, efficient and economical way as possible.
  • Support Operation Manager to ensure that immediate attention are performed in supporting, responding to principals requirements and other urgent matter request.

Required Qualification/Education:
  • Master or Chief Mate (ANT 1 or II) licenses with minimum 2 years sea-time in any of the certificate.
  • Good command in English, both verbal and written.
  • Computer skills.
  • Good communications skills.

Please submit CV with recent photograph & current salary latest after 10 days to:
HRD Manager ,
Wilhelmsen Ships Service Indonesia Sequis Center ,
5th Floor Jl. Sudirman Kav 71 , Jakarta 12190
Or by email to: dwijaka.cahyana@wilhelmsen.com

Vacancy Marine Surveyor PT. Global Maritime

Global Maritime is a leading consultant for offshore engineering design and marine operation services on a world-wide basis. The Group has been consistently engaged on major marine offshore projects for over 28 years. Our office in Jakarta is inviting dynamic individuals for the following challenging position.

MARINE SURVEYOR (Jakarta Based)

Requirements:
  • Broads and good knowledge of offshore marine operations.
  • Onshore and offshore attendance during loadout, transport and installation of offshore platforms, pipelines and mobile units.
  • Based in Jakarta and willing to travel frequently in the Far East
  • Class 1 foreign-going certificate and 5 years relevant experience in offshore industries.

Please e-mail your resume, a recent photograph and salary expectation including perks to:
ptgm@globalmaritime-id.com

Vacancy Senior Naval Architects/ Marine Engineers PT. Global Maritime

Global Maritime is a leading consultant for offshore engineering design and marine operation services on a world-wide basis. The Group has been consistently engaged on major marine offshore projects for over 28 years. Our office in Jakarta is inviting dynamic individuals for the following challenging position.

SENIOR NAVAL ARCHITECTS / MARINE ENGINEERS (Jakarta Based)

Requirements:
  • Good knowledge of engineering software used in offshore industries
  • Perform naval architectural analyses and structural design of offshore facilities and vessels Technical review/ assessment of engineering documents and procedures for offshore operations Onshore and offshore attendance during loadout, transport and installation of offshore platforms, pipelines and mobile units
  • A good engineering degree and at least 5 years relevant experience in offshore industries
  • Based in Jakarta and willing to travel frequently in the Far East

Please e-mail your resume, a recent photograph and salary expectation including perks to: ptgm@globalmaritime-id.com
For further company info please visit www.globalmaritime.com